Thursday, November 28, 2019
Homeland security is one of the main departments that keeps the United States safe. Homeland security locks down the United States and keeps illegalÃ¢â¬â¢s from entering and monitors that the U.S does not go under attack. During the making of the department of homeland security the U.S Border Patrol merged into a new agency called US customs and Border protection known as CBP. The old tradition of border patrol was always known for detecting and preventing the entry of illegal aliens in addition to the smuggling of illegal contraband into the county, but a new high priority mission came into lay when the terrorist tried to enter their weapons into the United States. Keeping the boarders of the U.S safe is an extremely dangerous job. The duties of duties border patrol men include to be alert 24 hours seven days a week. Border patrols missions take place on horseback, land, sea, and in the air. We will write a custom essay sample on Homeland security and border patrol or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Over the yearÃ¢â¬â¢s border patrols mission has increased it not only operates within the interior of the United States but also now monitors the roads and even airports where illegal aliens concentrate. Since border patrol takes so much concentration additional powers have been added to help U.S officials protect its borders. From the time before the constitution was even written the function of United States Border Patrol was an essential element to our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s security. It was the day of July 4th 1776 that out country became independent from England, and the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s security was born. Back in 1904 when Teddy Roosevelt was president of the United States the Ã¢â¬Å"mounted inspectorsÃ¢â¬ were assigned by the commissioner general of immigration to patrol the southern boarders. At the time only 75 mounted inspectors were on duty to guard all the American borders. The mounted inspectors were given no supervision or orders which forever changed when the Poncho Vila and Prohibition took place. The Poncho Villa was a civil war that raged in Mexico between 1910 and 1920 which averred U.S army troops to encamp along the southwest borders when there was rumors of raiders coming into the country from Mexico. The attack took place in Columbus NM when peasants entered looking for food, in the end only 18 Americans were killed along with an unborn child. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s border patrol has expanded tremendously with over 11,000 agents on the line of duty. More than 9,500 agents are stationed along the United States southern boarder because, it is noted that 99 percent of all illegally entering citizens are citizens of Mexico. While it is important to stay on high alert during the day the U.S Mexican border is the most dangerous at night. Most illegal aliens cross the border at night, and murders are perpetrated at night. The triple barrier system is where agents have the most trouble due to the fact they can become trapped in between the barriers making it easier for attackers to make it over the fence. The United States government has funded a program that increases security which includes U.S border patrol agents. U.S border patrol agents work alone, and depend on their own instincts along with the support of new technology including cameras to protect them from danger. Camera systems are implemented with zero time delay systems in between images and each camera uses data link with the use of commercial delivery trucks to scan anything that passes through the border. Camera use is one on the main key elements to successful border patrol which are grouped into five categories. These five categories Include daylight cameras, low light cameras, IR night vision cameras, FLIR cameras, and Range Gated cameras. Daylight cameras offer reasonable resolution, but cannot see through fog, rain or snow and usually see the same as a human eye. Low light cameras are similar to daylight cameras except they can provide an image with just moon light. IR night cameras are cameras that have a light source that the human eye cannot see. FLIR cameras use infer red sources that monitor heat that spots humans due to body heat and heated objects such as bombs. These cameras are used at night to spot people in cars or people walking without ones knowing there getting watched . Range Gated cameras reflect light beams off of objects which reflect beams of light back to the camera sending back and image of the object. All these cameras listed play a big role successful border protection. Along with Border Patrol Homeland Security was put into action full force after 9/11. The Department of Homeland Security got stronger and the U.SÃ Customs and Border protection was fully mobilized in 36 hours after the attack. Both of their enterprises evolved to better defend against intruders and terrorists attacks. Both systems started working directly with law enforcement agencies, state and local leaders, community based organization, private sectors, and international partners. DHS (Homeland Security) focused on getting resources from Washington DC into the hands of state and local enforcements to help them identify threats. State and law enforcement agencies are usually the first ones in position to notice any signs of planned attacks. Homeland security informs police and front line with the understanding the behaviors or unmoral situations, and what to look for in terrorist activity. Another enterprise through homeland security is the private sector outreach which is an integral component through the engagement of protecting the United States. DHS works closely with international partners to have multiple organizations and global business to strengthen the security of the U.S similar to having eyes and ears all around the world. Homeland Security has enhanced security not only in airports but by working with foreign governments administrating global supply chains across the country. In closing they turn to the public that play a key role to strengthen the enterprise and to raise public awareness indicators about terrorism and crime which leads to the motto Ã¢â¬Å"if you see something say somethingÃ¢â¬ .
Sunday, November 24, 2019
3 Ways to Double Up When Converting Passive Constructions to Active Ones 3 Ways to Double Up When Converting Passive Constructions to Active Ones 3 Ways to Double Up When Converting Passive Constructions to Active Ones By Mark Nichol Revising sentences so that theyÃ¢â¬â¢re more active isnÃ¢â¬â¢t mandatory, but strive to make most of your passively constructed sentences more dynamic- and while youÃ¢â¬â¢re at it, donÃ¢â¬â¢t overlook opportunities to give a sentence more than one burst of energy. 1. Now that you have the business activities and conflicting activities defined, the associated privileges can be assigned to those activities. This sentence is easily rendered more active by repurposing the adjective defined as a verb and fortifying the bland verb have with it: Ã¢â¬Å"Now that you have defined the business activities and conflicting activities, the associated privileges can be assigned to those activities.Ã¢â¬ Even better, make the sentence imperative and therefore more forceful by beginning the main clause with the verb rather than the noun phrase: Ã¢â¬Å"Now that you have defined the business activities and conflicting activities, assign the associated privileges to those activities.Ã¢â¬ 2. There will still need to be thought given to understanding how conflicts of interest are identified and managed. Avoid beginning a sentence with a vague expletive; start with a noun: Ã¢â¬Å"Thought will still need to be given to understanding how conflicts of interest are identified and managed.Ã¢â¬ Better yet, enable the more active basic form of the verb give by employing the key noun at the outset: Ã¢â¬Å"Management will still need to give thought to understanding how conflicts of interest are identified and managed,Ã¢â¬ and explicitly stating that management itself identifies and manages conflicts of interests, rather than implying some vague actor, will strengthen the sentence even more: Ã¢â¬Å"Management will still need to give thought to understanding how it identifies and manages conflicts of interest.Ã¢â¬ 3. These have been in place for about ten years, with compliance actively monitored through annual assessments undertaken by a qualified assessor. Using with is a weak way to start a sentence or a clause. Easily strengthen a statement by converting a dependent clause into an independent clause; simply change with to and and insert a form of the verb Ã¢â¬Å"to beÃ¢â¬ : Ã¢â¬Å"These have been in place for about ten years, and compliance is actively monitored through annual assessments undertaken by a qualified assessor.Ã¢â¬ Better yet, in addition to employing the first half of this easy fix, fortify the second clause by making the actor, rather than the action, the subject: Ã¢â¬Å"These have been in place for about ten years, and a qualified assessor actively monitors compliance through annual assessments.Ã¢â¬ Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Style category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:50 Slang Terms for MoneySelect vs. Selected8 Great Podcasts for Writers and Book Authors
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Assigned topic - Research Paper Example In Socrates discussion with Thrasymachus that followed, he first cleared that it was compulsory for people to abide by rulers and just like other people were prone to make mistakes in formulation of these laws. So the times when rules have made a mistake and people are claiming it as justice than it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be interest of stronger. In that case when people claim justice abiding by the rule of state or the ruler it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be for the interest of stronger but would actually cause injury to those in power. This might be unintentional but clearly states that Thrasymachus claim of justice only being interest of stronger is not always abided by. This is what they agreed upon at the end of discussion. Book 2 According to Glaucon, what do people praise instead of justice? Why? The best way to living by Glaucon is when men have done and suffered injustice and they come to a mutual ground which would be called as lawful and just in the society. Ring of Gyges is explained by Glaucon a nd is termed as a mythical magical artifact. This has this divine and strange power that makes its owner invisible. He says that every man believes in his heart that doing injustice would give more benefits that acting by laws of justice. If someone gets the ring of Gyges and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t use it as mean of injustice he would be termed foolish by others. This is the reason people praise injustice because they believe that it will give them more benefits. Paper 2 Politics is a broad term which includes Strategy, economics, and rhetoric and since it includes all of the other sciences, it is called the master of art. It involves people who in a certain way control lives of people as they make legislations which make things happen and tell people as what they ought to do or what they should stop doing. This is what brings man to a good end. A young man is full of action and passion and his interest are mostly on the basis of action rather than knowledge. Moreover, his experience in lif e would be in general rather than specific to this political science and he would be good with life in general terms but not specifically with political science. Happiness canÃ¢â¬â¢t be identified with honor since that would end of manÃ¢â¬â¢s political life. For a man, honor is basically assurance of his goodness and men with practical wisdom are the ones who seek honor. Virtue however is related with inactivity according to Aristotle and no one would call such a person as happy and hence honor is not related to happiness. Happiness according to him comes with all noble acts and it is impossible to do Noble acts without proper equipment and therefore it is important to have external goods to create happiness. Virtues are intellectual as well as moral. Intellectual wisdom includes philosophic wisdom, understanding and practical wisdom would be included in intellectual wisdom whereas liberality and temperance are said to be part of moral virtue. Moral Virtue is a mean between two vices and lies between excess and defect and also a mean between passion and action. This would simply mean choosing the in between pathway. Paper 3 Prodigality and meanness are two words that Aristotle explained on the basis of wealth. Meanness according to him is the excessive desire and lust for wealth than there should be in a normal person. However, Prodigality is a complex termed described by him. These are those men who spend money on self-indulgence and they are basically
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Barge Haulers on the Volga - Assignment Example This is because they are hauling the large boat upstream against the water currents and the sun is overhead. The figures of the men are positioned at the centre of the painting. At the background of the painting there are clouds seen from a distance and on the ground, there is water seen in the background where the men have pulled the boat from. Their landscape is also shown from a distance. The source of light is on top of the men as this is shown in their short shadows (Bolton, 2010). The shadows of the men are almost beneath them showing that the source of light was on top of them. The landscape in the background helps to prove and show the direction of the river and its currents. It clearly shows that the men are pushing the bought upstream. The tonal range of the painting is medium as their colours used are not so striking. The artwork has a blue tonal range because of the water and there is also some yellow standing out depicting the source of light. In the art, I see the eleven dressed in rags and they are also bound with leather harnesses. The painting brings out both the appreciation and celebration of menÃ¢â¬â¢s fortitude and dignity and at the same time, it highly condemns the people who sanctioned the inhumane activity. As much as the painting shows them to be accepting the men are defeated. Their faces and posture in the painting show physical discomfort. In the painting I only see one person coming out strongly. It is the youth who is brightly coloured and he seems to fight against the binds of leather and he appears to take a heroic poise (Cohen, 2008). He has raised his head to stare into the distance. This shows he has hope that there is redemption coming. The inverted Russian flag clearly shows that whatever is happening is not right or allowed. There is movement in the artwork and this is showed by the currents of water. The men also seem to be in motion hauling the boat. The artist has made the two-dimensional wor k to look as if in the third dimension by use of shades of colour.Ã
Monday, November 18, 2019
Histories of Photography - Essay Example Therefore, using cameras, ethnographers during this period were able to capture all the aspects of a communityÃ¢â¬â¢s culture, which were observable and manifest (Torresan Web). Therefore, the camera, and overall photography was considered a neutral way of the ethnographersÃ¢â¬â¢ collection of objective data. During most part of the 19th Century, photography was characterized by various challenges, as far as ethnography is concerned. For instance, low technological advancements in photography had rendered cameras to be heavy and expensive, and the film was considered a volatile tool. These and other factors resulted in some ethnographers arguing against use of photography in ethnography. However, in the 20th century, with increased technological advancements in photography, most of the technological problems experienced previously were resolved. This therefore, led to an increased usage level of photography in ethnography. For instance, ethnographers used photography as a tool fo r documentation. This would include recording videos of rituals, of which their details would be lost, if an ethnographer took notes only (Torresan Web). Through this, ethnographers are able to gain greater understanding of case studies. In the ethnographic studies in the 19th and 20th centuries, ethnographers held the ideological assumption that culture is manifested through symbols that are visible, and which are embedded in gestures, artifacts, rituals, ceremonies, and natural and constructed environments. The people in a community are considered as the actors in culture, which presents itself as a script. With this therefore, ethnographers believed that photography was an essential way of revealing the intangibles of social life, which include facial expressions, pauses in speech, body gestures, and tonal variations (Torresan Web). It was impossible to capture these using written ethnography; thus making photography to be core to ethnography. Part 2 From its time of invention, t here had been a great debate on whether to or not to consider photography as an art form. Different artists had varied views and arguments on whether photography was an art form or not. One of the most important early advocates of photography as an art form include Le Gray. This was a trained artist, who was highly influential in early photography. In 1852, Le Gray wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"The future of photography does not lie in the cheapness but in the quality of a picture. If a photograph is beautiful, complete, and durable, it acquires an intrinsic value before which its price disappears entirely. For my part, it is my wish that photography, rather than falling into the domain of industry or of commerce, might remain in that of art. That is its only true place, and I shall always seek to make it progress in that directionÃ¢â¬ (Drogoul Web). This therefore, shows Le GrayÃ¢â¬â¢s justification of photography as an art form. On the other hand, Henry Peach Robinson was one of the most pro minent photographers of the 19th century. Like Le Gray, Robinson felt that photography deserved to be respected as an art form. He therefore, was involved in different association of artists, which promoted photography as an art form. In addition, Robinson wrote various texts, in which he promoted photography as a form of art (Harry Ransom Center Web). Oscar Gustav Rejlander was another important artist, whom many
Friday, November 15, 2019
Stereotypical Gender Characteristics How Stereotypical Gender Characteristics are Shaped by Society Generally, when comparing the differences between males and females, you immediately think of their biological body parts. However, there is another way to differentiate males and females; by their behaviours. Males and females are commonly associated with opposing characteristics. That is to say, men are generally seen as being more aggressive while women are associated to being more nurturing (Shaw, 150 class lecture, Oct 19). What is it exactly that creates this difference in behaviour? Some sociologists suggest that it is due to biological factors. However, I believe that these differences in behaviour are the result of societys influences. The social process known as gender socialization is established in early childhood and further developed and supported throughout life (Shaw, 150 class lecture, Oct 19). At an early age, you are introduced to gender differences by your parents. Throughout your childhood and adolescence, these gender roles are supported by the media, the school s and your peers. If you consider some of the other cultures in the world you will notice that the behaviours of the males and females there arent the same as what we expect here in North America (Haaland Schaefer, 2009). I believe that gender isnt defined by ones biological sex but rather the stereotypical behaviours that are constructed by society. In this essay, I will be addressing a few important agents of socialization and their impact in constructing these stereotypical gender roles. Parents: The first agent of socialization From the moment you entered this world, your parents applied social and cultural stereotypes about femininity and masculinity on to you (Haaland Schaefer, 2009). They did so by pre-selecting the colours of your room, your wardrobe, the toys you play with and when you were old enough, they designated certain chores for you to do (Peters, 1994). All these factors played a crucial role in the gender socialization process. For all you girls, your parents probably gave you a pink room, made you wear dresses and gave you dolls and easy-bake ovens to play with. They probably described you as being Ã¢â¬Å"prettyÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"cuteÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"sweetÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"angelicÃ¢â¬ rather than being Ã¢â¬Å"toughÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"ruggedÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"strongÃ¢â¬ (Haaland Schaefer, 2009). In a study about the distribution of chores at home, the boys were more likely to end up with maintenance, yard and car work where as girls were more likely to be given housework like laundry and dish washing (Peters, 1994). Because of this designation, boys and girls grow up performing the tasks that they are more familiar with. When you consider the types of toys that parents buy for their children, you will notice a general trend. Boys tend to get cars, trucks, building blocks and action figures (Martin, 1998). The toy cars and trucks establish an early interest in vehicles. The building blocks emulate construction work and architecture. The action figures not only suggest physical play but they also illustrate the ideal body image of men. If you look at the male action figures these days, they all illustrate exaggerated muscular characteristics (Haaland Schaefer, 2009). It is likewise for the girls. However, instead of getting cars and blocks, they get Barbie dolls and baby simulation dolls. The Barbie dolls had equally exaggerated body images. They left the impression that girls needed have ultra thin figures (Haaland Schaefer, 2009). These toys all served a common purpose of establishing what it means to be a Ã¢â¬Å"boyÃ¢â¬ and a Ã¢â¬Å"girlÃ¢â¬ . Parents also had control over what movies and TV shows they wanted their kids to watch. This leads to the next agent of socialization; the media. The Subtle Messages Expressed by the Media The media has a very strong influence in gender socialization. When I say the media, I am referring to Disney movies, Saturday morning cartoons and video games. Disney movies were a huge part of every childhood. In a video regarding the gender stereotypes portrayed in Disney films, men and women were commonly portrayed in regards to their stereotypes (Shaw, 150 Lecture). That is to say, men were all illustrated as brave, muscular, aggressive people who always save the day with physical violence. Women were portrayed as being thin, delicate, helpless people who always needed to be saved by the males. Children are very impressionable, so of course they will want to be just like their favourite Disney characters. How will they go about doing this? By emulating these stereotypical behaviours. Cartoons and video games only help to support these stereotypes (Dietz, 1998). In cartoons and video games, you are more likely to see male protagonists who save the day. Also, you are very likely to see females either as the support character who cheers on the male protagonist on his goals or as the helpless damsel in distress. Video games are no different. Take the Mario brother for example. Here you see two male heroes who have to save a princess from a monster. Movies, cartoons and video games are all the same in the sense that they either lack representation or misinterpret females (Butler, Ciccone, Petrin, Rawlings, Yi, 2002). Peer Pressure and the Hidden Curriculum The next major agents of socialization are the peers and the school. It is through the parents and media that the gender roles are learned. It is at school with teachers and friends that these gender roles are reinforced. In the study conducted by Martin (1998), she observed the daily behaviours of pre-school students. Martin noticed that the boys tended to play with building blocks where as the girls liked to play dress up. When it came to clothing, boys wore primary colours, black, green and orange (Martin, 1998). Girls were commonly seen to be wearing pink. It was observed that about 61% of the girls in the class were wearing pink and roughly 25% were wearing dresses. The girls were frequently complimented by the teacher as looking very pretty and cute (Martin, 1998). Another aspect that Martin examined was the typical sitting behaviour of the children. This was classified as being either relaxed or formal. It was observed that 80% of the boys sat Ã¢â¬Å"relaxedÃ¢â¬ while 82% of the girls sat in a Ã¢â¬Å"formalÃ¢â¬ manner (Martin, 1998). Martin also noticed that the teacher reinforced formal sitting behaviour more strongly for the girls than for the boys. Not only were the teachers supporting appropriate gender behaviours but fellow peers were as well. In this situation, one little girl wearing a dress-like shirt is leaning her body over to create a Ã¢â¬Å"tunnelÃ¢â¬ . As she leans, her shirt rises up exposing her back. This is when another female student comes and pulls the shirt back over her bare skin and gives it a pat to keep it in place (Martin, 1998). This illustrates two things: one of them is that fellow peers reinforce the Ã¢â¬Å"appropriateÃ¢â¬ gender behaviours and that these Ã¢â¬Å"appropriateÃ¢â¬ behaviours are already imbedded into children at a very young age. These Ã¢â¬Å"appropriateÃ¢â¬ gender behaviours are continually followed and further developed throughout elementary, secondary and post secondary. In an experiment conducted on university students (Haaland Schaefer, 2009), students were asked to behave in ways that they regarded to be violating gender norms. Even at the university level, these students identified the same associating gender behaviours as they would have in their childhood. Cultural Differences Lead to Differences in Gender Behaviours Although you may believe that all males and females act as we expect them to, you are not entirely correct (Haaland Schaefer, 2009). Gender behaviours vary from culture to culture. An anthropologist by the name of Margaret Mead explains her findings in favour of gender socialization. If biology did in fact determine the differences between the sexes then cross-cultural differences, like the ones that Mead encountered, should not exist (Haaland Schaefer, 1998). In her studies of three different cultures in New Guinea she noticed that the behaviours of the males and females differed quite significantly (Haaland Schaefer, 2009). Mead describes the typical behaviours of the three cultures: Ã¢â¬Å"In one [the Arapesh], both men and women act as we expect women to act-in a mild parental responsive way; in the second [the Mundugumor], both act as we expect men to act-in a fierce initiating fashion; and in the third [the Tchambuli], the men act according to our stereotypes for women-are catty, wear curls, and go shopping-while the women are energetic, managerial, unadorned partners.Ã¢â¬ As we can see, the different cultures are a crucial factor in determining the differences in behaviours between the sexes. If males and females were biologically meant to act and think in a certain way, then there wouldnt be so much variation between cultures. Conclusion In North America, we have the perception that males need to be aggressive, macho and muscular while females are thinner, smaller and more nurturing. These perceptions are taught to us at an early age and are reinforced throughout our lives. Starting from childhood, we begin to learn about and emulate these gender behaviours. With the help of our parents, Disney movies, toy figures, school and peers, these gender behaviours are more strongly embedded into our minds. Gender differences are constructed by societys influences. Mead clearly observed the presence of cultural conditioning and its effects on the three different cultures in New Guinea. Although our sexes are biologically defined, the way we associate our behaviours and characteristics are not. Our socialized genders are defined by the culture and society that surrounds us. Bibliography Butler, A., Ciccone, A., Petrin, M., Rawlings, T., Yi, W. (2002). Gender Role Socialization and Inequality. 360-361. Retrieved from http://www.oise.utoronto.ca/CASAE/cnf2002/2002_Papers/rtbutler_aetal2002w.pdf Dietz, T. L. (1998). An Examinationof Violence and Gender Role Portrayals in Video Games: Implications for Gender Socialization and Aggressive Behaviour. Sex Roles. (38). 425-442. Retrieved from http://springerlink.metapress.com.proxy.lib.sfu.ca/content/r326135512365r40/fulltext.pdf Haaland, B., Schaefer, R. T. (2009). Sociology: A brief introduction. (3rd Canadian Ed.). Canada: McGraw-Hill. Martin, K. A. (1998). Becoming a Gendered Body: Practices of Preschools. American Sociology Review. (63) 494-511. Peters, J. F. (1994). Gender socialization of adolescents in the home: research and discussion. Retrieved from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2248/is_n116_v29/ai_16477249/
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Alcoholism Alcohol Dependence is a disease characterized by: a strong need or compulsion to drink, the frequent inability to stop drinking once a person has begun, the occurrence of withdrawal symptoms (nausea, sweating, shakiness) when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking, and the need for increasing amounts of alcohol in order to feel an affect. Most experts agree that alcoholism is a disease just as high blood pressure, diabetes and arthritis are diseases. Like these other diseases, alcoholism tends to run in the family. Drinking alcohol is not the only factor that leads to alcoholism, it is a chronic disease that leaves an everlasting effect on the person's life and his family. The basic difference between the social drinker and the alcoholic is the way he drinks and the effect alcohol has on him. How much a person consumes is not the determining factor. An alcoholic might not have drink for a month, but when he does, he cannot stop. A social drinker could have a drink a number of times per week. That does not make him alcoholic. A problem drinker drinks to escape from unpleasant realities whereas the social drinker drinks to complement an event. The alcoholic becomes both physically and psychologically addicted to alcohol. The social drinker does not. Therefore, I have been researching to gather the facts that distinguish a social drinkers and an alcoholic and what divides people into these two categories. In other words, why do people belonging to these two categories have different effects on them? Alcoholism 2 is a disease and that is why alcohol has different effects o... ...ted Hanna, Eleanor & Grant, Bridget. Alcoholism. Clinical and Experimental Research 1999: p513-22. Lieb, J. & Young, P. TREATMENT OF ALCOHOLISM AS A CHRONIC DISORDER. EXS 1994: 349-59 Martin, Don & Martin, Betty. The Ultimate Wine Book. California: Pine Cone Press, 1993. Miller, K. A Case-Specific Approach to the Treatment of Alcoholism. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 1994: 35-44. Niemela, O. Oral Nalmefence HCL for Alcohol Dependence. Alcoholism, Clinical & Experimental Research 2006: 1162-7. Parker, Frederick. A Comparison of the Sex Temperament of Alcoholics and Moderate Drinkers. American Sociological Review, Vol. 24 January, 1959: 366-374. Ries, Janet. Public Acceptance of the Disease Concept of Alcoholism. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 18, No. 3 Sep., 1977: 338-344. Alcoholism Essay -- Alcohol Addiction Dependence Alcoholism Alcohol Dependence is a disease characterized by: a strong need or compulsion to drink, the frequent inability to stop drinking once a person has begun, the occurrence of withdrawal symptoms (nausea, sweating, shakiness) when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking, and the need for increasing amounts of alcohol in order to feel an affect. Most experts agree that alcoholism is a disease just as high blood pressure, diabetes and arthritis are diseases. Like these other diseases, alcoholism tends to run in the family. Drinking alcohol is not the only factor that leads to alcoholism, it is a chronic disease that leaves an everlasting effect on the person's life and his family. The basic difference between the social drinker and the alcoholic is the way he drinks and the effect alcohol has on him. How much a person consumes is not the determining factor. An alcoholic might not have drink for a month, but when he does, he cannot stop. A social drinker could have a drink a number of times per week. That does not make him alcoholic. A problem drinker drinks to escape from unpleasant realities whereas the social drinker drinks to complement an event. The alcoholic becomes both physically and psychologically addicted to alcohol. The social drinker does not. Therefore, I have been researching to gather the facts that distinguish a social drinkers and an alcoholic and what divides people into these two categories. In other words, why do people belonging to these two categories have different effects on them? Alcoholism 2 is a disease and that is why alcohol has different effects o... ...ted Hanna, Eleanor & Grant, Bridget. Alcoholism. Clinical and Experimental Research 1999: p513-22. Lieb, J. & Young, P. TREATMENT OF ALCOHOLISM AS A CHRONIC DISORDER. EXS 1994: 349-59 Martin, Don & Martin, Betty. The Ultimate Wine Book. California: Pine Cone Press, 1993. Miller, K. A Case-Specific Approach to the Treatment of Alcoholism. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 1994: 35-44. Niemela, O. Oral Nalmefence HCL for Alcohol Dependence. Alcoholism, Clinical & Experimental Research 2006: 1162-7. Parker, Frederick. A Comparison of the Sex Temperament of Alcoholics and Moderate Drinkers. American Sociological Review, Vol. 24 January, 1959: 366-374. Ries, Janet. Public Acceptance of the Disease Concept of Alcoholism. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 18, No. 3 Sep., 1977: 338-344.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
The relationships in Ã¢â¬ËA View from the BridgeÃ¢â¬â¢ are very complex as because of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s attitudes back then. There is secrecy, suspicion, love and concern. Eddie is weirdly attracted to Catherine and his relationship with his wife Beatrice deteriorates. The relationship between Eddie and Catherine is very close, although they are not immediate family Eddie has become a surrogate father and thinks of himself as her real father. He is very protective of his daughter and would probably die for her, but this first innocent love perverts into a weird incest like love for his niece. Eddie still treats her like she is five although she is going out into the big wide world, this shocks Eddie and it makes him closer to her and more possessive which turns ugly when Rodolfo is introduced. At the start of the play Eddie has a go at his daughter about what she is wearing, Ã¢â¬ËCatherine I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be a pestÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã WalkinÃ¢â¬â¢ wavyÃ¢â¬â¢. This shows he has genuine concern for his daughter similar to how modern fathers would react today; this is more of an example to show how much he loves her like a father rather than a lover. He also doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to let go for his Ã¢â¬ËdaughterÃ¢â¬â¢ and tries to shoot down any discussion of a job, Ã¢â¬Ënear the navy yardÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. LongshoremenÃ¢â¬â¢ he is unreasonably disagreeing with any suggestions of a real job for Catherine which just amplifies his blatant love for her. Catherine and BeatriceÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship is very different to the relationship between Eddie & Catherine, Beatrice wants the best for Catherine and wants her to go get the job and wants her to leave, and she is more positive than Eddie and less caring for her. This could be that she was not as committed to the adoption of Catherine compared to Eddie, but also as she has had less to lose because Eddie has paid for her to go through school and to live, whereas Bea is probably getting a little sick of her hanging about. She is very supportive of CatherineÃ¢â¬â¢s independence Ã¢â¬ËWell I donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand when itÃ¢â¬â¢s going Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s an honour for herÃ¢â¬â¢. Catherine is also less fond of her and cares more for her uncle as he is the man of the family and provides for her and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel for Bea as much because she had less of a role in bringing her up over the years. The relationship between Bea and Eddie starts of normal as the play starts innocent and all happy families but hen as the play progresses Bea starts to notice changes about how Eddie is acting towards her. As Eddie is spending more time chasing Catherine around he is spending less time with his wife and she becomes distraught and upset and also starts to understand why this is happening. Because of Bea realising his it explains why she is so keen for her to become independent and leave because it would be better for everyone if she did leave. Ã¢â¬ËWhen am I going to be a wife again Eddie? Ã¢â¬â¢ shows how upset she is becoming and Eddie doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to care about her and tries to ignore the conversation and not provide her with a straight answer. The play basically steers the whole relationship systems so that Eddie and Bea come off worse while Eddie and Catherine gets better. It is obvious that Eddie starts to stop caring about Bea and more about Catherine; Catherine doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to notice the weird attraction that Eddie has towards her and carries on like normal. And the more she is around the worse Eddie will get and the more attracted the will become. So Arthur miller presents the family as a normal generic happy family that during the course of the play deteriorates into a weird perverted relationship.
Friday, November 8, 2019
El Teatro Campesino and the San Francisco Mime Troupe essays By and large, the art form deals with the aesthetic whereas political endeavors are often related to logic yet as societies around the world developed, the mergence of the art forms with the other facets of knowledge have become common. The mergence of theatrical art that is stage performances, with politics is one of these instances and has come to be known as political theaters. Political theaters according to the Wikipedia Encyclopaedia (2003) are basically dramas or performances that emphasize on political issues in its theme or plot for a politically conscious society. The basic premise is to raise the issue in public and make them aware of the problem. According to author Mary Thomas Crane (2001) in her analysis on what comprise of performances in theaters, notes that political theaters often address social behaviors and through the performances focus on the effects of political authority on social cohesion and structure. The purpose of these performances is to either resolve conflicts within the society or address the legitimization of the changing social norms. Early political theaters originate from the Greeks and as Western civilization developed renowned names like Jonson, Valpone and Shakespeare are also associated with the same. In more contemporary societies, however, the nature and production of political theaters changed as these are performed in amphitheatres, on the streets or projected through the various modern Two of the most important political theaters in American history are perhaps the Political Theatre of El Teatro Campesino (elteatrocampesino.com) and the San Francisco Mime Troupe (sfmt.org/) under the leadership of Luis Valdez. What make these two theaters landmark in the history of political theater is the fact that it started during the 1950sa period when America had been striving to establish stability amidst civil rights movements ...
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
A Legendary Super Bowl XLIX Party Even if you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t a big football fan, the Superbowl is about way more than just the Patriots and the Seahawks. This yearÃ¢â¬â¢s Superbowl is the best excuse to turn February 1st into the most epic party you have ever thrown. All you need is some great food, some cool decorations, and a handful of grown-up party games to make this yearÃ¢â¬â¢s Superbowl one that will live in infamy forever! Super(Bowl)snacks The most important thing for any good Superbowl party is the food. Of course, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to have wings and chips, but you need something spectacular to set your party apart from the competition. Consider some of these delicious options: Bacon-Wrapped Jalapeno Poppers All you need for this recipe is a half cup of cream cheese, a half cup of Sharp Cheddar, a few jalapenos, and a package of bacon. Mix your cheeses together and then cut your jalapenos in half, long-ways. Fill up the insides with the cheese mixture and close them up again. Wrap the up in bacon and pop those babies in the oven at 400 degrees for 15 minutes. Instant mouth party! Spicy Meatball Sliders These are so simple and delicious, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be making them long after game dayÃ¢â¬â¢s come and gone. Grab your favorite packaged meatballs Ã¢â¬â some of our favorites are Cooked Perfect by Home Market Foods (Walmart) and Armour Homestyle Meatballs (SamÃ¢â¬â¢s Club) Ã¢â¬â and a can of your favorite marinara sauce. Then, grab a few mini-hamburger buns and a package of pepper-jack cheese. Warm up your meatballs and sauce while you toast your tiny hamburger buns in the oven or toaster. Put a meatball and a dab of sauce on each bun, then cover with a half slice of cheese. Voila! A perfectly delicious slider. Football Cake Pops ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not really a party without cake. For your epic Superbowl party, make it even more fun with cake on a stick! All you need is a boxed cake mix, vanilla frosting, semi-sweet and white chocolate chips, and popsicle sticks. Just bake your cake as directed, then cool and crumble into small pieces. Mix the crumbles with Ã ½ cup of frosting and make into football shapes. Melt your bag of chocolate chips with 2 tablespoons oil. Then, spear your football cake balls and dip into the melted chocolate mixture. Let cool and drizzle melted white chocolate on top. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re fast, delicious, and so adorable that everyone will be talking about them for weeks to come. Super(Bowl)style It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be expensive or difficult to make your dorm room or apartment the perfect pad for an unforgettable Superbowl party. All you really need is some creativity, some basic supplies, and a couple of hours! Yard Line Tablecloth Make your serving or coffee table look just like the football field in less than 10 minutes. Grab some brown wrapping paper, or old Christmas wrapping paper that has a white back. Then, cover your table with the plain side up. Now, use a ruler to mark out yard lines. This is great for discussing plays, playing finger football, and just making your room look cool. Astroturf Coasters Grab yourself some astroturf from ondecksports.com (about $1 per square foot), and cut out circles or football shapes to use as coasters. You can also use it for a doormat or accents on your serving table. Super(Bowl)fun One of the great things about the Superbowl is that it can be a lot of fun, even if youÃ¢â¬â¢re not a huge football fan. Whether youÃ¢â¬â¢re in it to win it, or you just want to have a couple of laughs, here are some epic Superbowl activities that will keep your party live all night long. Superbowl Taboo This is a really fun drinking game that will ensure your guests are invested in the game. When your guests arrive, hand each a card with a word, phrase, or action on it that is sure to be used throughout the evening. Then, as the game begins, have each guest read their card aloud. Then, as the word, action, or phrase is mentioned throughout the game, that person must drink. Some ideas include: Words: Penalty, Turnover, Green Bay, Seachickens, Colts Phrase: Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s gotta hurt,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s see that one more time,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s your major?Ã¢â¬ Actions: Kicker misses, A coachÃ¢â¬â¢s face turns rage-purple, A guest asks where the bathroom is Superbowl Bingo The commercials are often one of the best parts of a Superbowl, and you can use this to your partyÃ¢â¬â¢s advantage. In this game, each guest gets a card with randomized Superbowl commercial terms on it. Then, as commercials are played, guests cross off and/or drink when one of their types of commercials is shown. Have some other party ideas to share? Or a great Super Bowl party story to tell? Write the comments below!
Monday, November 4, 2019
GASTROESOPHAGEAL - Essay Example The high prevalence GERD in combination with the relatively high cost of medication of acid lowering medication leads to a significant socioeconomic burden to the patient. The symptoms are classified into typical, atypical, and esophageal symptoms. The typical symptoms are the heartburns and regurgitation of acid which have low sensitivity but high specificity for GERD. The atypical symptoms are epigastric pain, nausea, dyspepsia, belching and bloating though they may overlap with other diagnosis of other diseases such as peptic ulcer disease, gastritis, achalasia, gastroparesis and dyspepsia. Lastly, there are the extraesophageal symptoms which include chronic cough, laryngitis, asthma, and dental erosion. It is important for the physician to take into consideration of behavioral and physical factors when making decision about the management of the disease for the patient with symptoms of persistent reflux (Kahrilas, 2012). The following lifestyle habits may lead to GERD and increase its risk. Theses includes obesity, smoking, exercising or strenuous activities immediately after eating, Lying down staring or bending over after eating. In addition, the consumption of the following beverages may lead to the increased risk of GERD; namely, excessive consumption of alcohol, products that are caffeinated, citrus fruits, chocolate, fried foods, foods made with tomatoes such as chili, spaghetti sauce, and pizza and finally the spicy foods. Eating a heavy meal and then lie on the back or bend over from the waist. The respiratory disease may also be a risk factor of GERD. Finally, the hormone replacement therapy may lead to high risk of GERD as it may occur in the postmenopausal women. The risk increases with the larger doses of estrogen and longer duration of the therapy. Pregnant women are also vulnerable to GERD in their third trimesteras the growing uterus exerts
Friday, November 1, 2019
Heroism English - Essay Example As the world has become technologically advanced, and knowledge has thrived, use of mind has taken over the use of physical force to a large extent. As a result of this, there has occurred an expansion, if not a change in the definition of a hero. A hero in the 21st century is not necessarily physically strong and powerful, but he is emotionally intelligent and brave, and is able to fight the evils the community or society is suffering from to pacify the society. Sheikh Zayed was the leader who made a difference in people peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s life. In 1971, Sheikh Zayed invited six presidents from different regions in order to have one strong country instead of several weak ones. He succeeded by establishing the United Arab Emirates and being the first president (uae-embassy.org, 2009). Sheikh Zayed was a wise leader who dealt with the union progress patiently. He turns the United Arab Emirates from the state of chaos to a powerful country in thirty years. He focused on educating people. Also, he helped many countries to fight against their rights and problems. He made various decisions that influenced many countries such as Palestine issue. Sheikh Zayed was a lovely leader who drew a smile on his people faces. He worked hard in order to achieve his goals. Heroism is a very large concept that has many definitions. Being a good leader and guiding people to the right path might be a part of the heroism definition. Sheikh Zayed was a great example. He made many important decisions that led him to be a hero. Sheikh Zayed was a smart and wise leader. I want to do my best to develop my personality and learn his values. Learning from Sheikh Zayed is my goal. I want to be a leader who could make a different in otherÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Sharing love and respect in the main key as Sheikh Zayed taught us. Working hard is an important value that I want to develop. Improving my personality is main focus since I have a great example of a hero going to be easier. A hero like Sheikh Zay ed has very high emotional intelligence. He can talk a lot to people easily and never runs short of thoughts on any topic. One trait of hero that I have is that I can speak to any kind of person in such a way that he starts considering me his friend. This makes me think that Sheikh Zayed and I commonly possess emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is about knowing what it takes to reach peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s hearts. Since my childhood, I have had a lot of friends. Anywhere I go, I make friends. This helps me build relationships and contacts. In the present age, social networking works a lot. You get to know the right person to approach at the right time for the right purpose. Another trait of a hero that I possess is bravery. Bravery comes from confidence. The fact that I have so many friends speaks of the confidence I have. It is the very confidence that has built bravery inside me. I say to people who I think like, not what they necessarily want to hear. Although this puts me i n tough situations sometimes, yet I know how to come out of them using my emotional intelligence. My friends often tell me that one thing they like me for is bravery, which is what makes me think that I am brave. Bravery does not only mean being bold. It means that one is able to put his view in front of the world and hold on to them in spite of all opposition and criticism which arises. I know that I am brave because I never step back from my decision when I am sure I am right no